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TMJ DISORDER EVERYTHING YOU NEED TO KNOW

TMJ DISORDER EVERYTHING YOU NEED TO KNOW

Apr 01, 2021

Temporomandibular joint (TMJ) are the two joints that connect the jawbone to the skull base. It is the joint that makes chewing and talking possible. It is an essential and joint that allows the normal functioning and movement of the jaw. Its uniqueness makes it a complex joint, and its disorder is challenging to manage. We shall now consider TMJ disorder.

TMJ DISORDERS                                                      

A patient suffering from TMJ disorder could have restricted jaw movement while going through constant pain around that area. Many TMJ disorders resolve themselves in a couple of months, while other cases could linger on. There are different causes of TMJ disorder, with the significant symptoms and signs been severe discomfort and pain. We shall discuss these causes and how to watch out for them.

CAUSES OF TMJ DISORDERS.

Autoimmune disease:  This is a condition that happens when your immune system mistakenly sees parts of your cells or body as strangers and attacks them. Most targets of this abnormality are joints, and the Temporomandibular joint can also be a target leading to a disorder.

Constant jaw movements or pressure on the jaws, such as using the jaw as support for violin, lead to TMJ disorder. Other causes are infections, dental surgery, Arthritis, Accident, injury, and Continuous grinding of the teeth when sleeping. Poor posture can also lead to abnormalities in the Jaw muscle function.

RISK FACTORS

Women from the ages of 18-44 years have a high risk of having TMJ disorder.

Some patients who have high-stress responses because of genetics are at a high risk of having the disorder.

Chronic inflammatory arthritis patient is susceptible to the disorder.

People with poorly positioned teeth are at a high risk of having this disorder.

SYMPTOMS OF TMJ DISORDER.

Patients suffering from TMJ will likely feel pains in their jaw and temple area. They will also experience popping sounds in their ears and stiffness in the jaw muscle. Other symptoms include Earache, Headaches, Jaw joint locking, and jaw clicking.

DIAGNOSIS OF TMJ DISORDER.

If you have several of the symptoms outlined above, then you may need to run a diagnosis.

If your doctor feels a disorder in your jaw, you will likely go through a CT scan to image the jaw joint’s bone.

The disorder can also be diagnosed with arthroscopy or an MRI to detect joint disk or its surrounding tissue problems.

THERAPIES FOR TMJ DISORDER

Therapeutic measures can help relieve TMJ disorders.

PHYSICAL THERAPY

TMJ disorders can be improved by using moist heat and ice, exercising to strengthen the jaw muscle, and using ultrasound. 

COUNSELING

This is educating the patient about things that causes the pain and how to avoid them.

ORAL SPLINTS

Patients with this disorder can wear custom-made devices for a short period to help curb the pain.

TREATMENTS OF TMJ DISORDERS.

MUSCLE RELAXANTS

These are drugs that help numb the pain and relax the affected muscles. It, however, only numbs the pain for a concise time.

Anti-inflammatory/pain relievers 

These are stronger than muscle relaxants and last a bit longer.

TRICYCLIC ANTIDEPRESSANTS

Amitriptyline is used for depression and can be given in small quantities to help relieve pain.

TMJ disorder would typically go away over time without treatment. However, in some complex cases, Injection and surgeries like TMJ arthroscopy, Modified condylotomy, open joint surgery, and Arthrocentesia can help fix the disorder.

These surgeries are quite complex and may require the need of an expert surgeon for the procedure. You can get a local surgeon around your area by searching for TMJ treatment near me. This may, however, not guarantee you a satisfactory result. To ensure you get the best treatment, you can call 281-557-8097 for TMJ treatment in Webster, TX, and book an appointment. You can also get TMJ treatment in league city, TX, by booking an appointment with a dentist online.